Study Guide 270

HUSR 270

Study Guide for Exam I
Chapters 1,2,3

Chapter 1—Reasons for Violence


  • Definition of violence
  • Elements of violence
  • Four forms of social reform
  • Three forms of reactions to violence by society
  • The relationship to violence for:
    • males vs. females
    • 16-24 yr. groups
    • married, never-married, separated, and divorced
  • Functions of the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey.
  • Social factors and biological explanations for violence
  • Explanations for the recent increase of prosecuting more juveniles in adult court settings.

Chapter 2—Extent of Violence in America


  • Explanations for current increase in homicides of stranger and non-intimates vs. past trends.
  • Explanations for the increase of:
    • domestic violence
    • marital rape
    • forced rape
    • use of weapons for youth and spouses during violent acts.
  • Impact of drugs and guns on school violence.
  • Criticism of the Uniform Crime Report and the National Crime Victimization Survey.
  • What are the concerns and predictions for the projected increase of the “Juvenile” population in our society.
  • What percent of juveniles are projected to be “career criminals”?
  • What age group for juveniles is the best known predictor to determine the potential for serious delinquency issues?
  • What age group for juveniles is the best known predictor to determine lack of socialites and involvement with anti-social peers.
  • Is there a causal relationship between juvenile violence and abusive parents and broken homes?
  • Which intervention strategies have proven to be more effective for juvenile offenders; addressing socioeconomics and abusive parents or substance abuse and anti-social peers?
  • What are the social and psychological characteristics that are consistent for “High Risk Juvenile Offenders”?
  • Definition of:
    • Juvenile law
    • status offender
    • criminal offender
    • hidden delinquency
  • What is the degree of relationship between alcohol/drugs and the victim/offenders of violent and non-violent crime?
  • What relationship does Cocaine have in respect to violent or non-violent crime?
  • What is the explanation for the recent increase in activity of females in both violent and non-violent criminal activity.
  • What is the Social Bonding Theory? How can it utilized as an intervention strategy?
  • What are the characteristics of women in society who were involved in violent behavior?

Chapter 3—The Social and Economic Cost of Violence


  • Define monetary and non-monetary costs to victims.
  • Know the impact of direct and indirect costs to victims. Which is more devastating to the victim?
  • What percent of all crime is property vs. violent crime.
  • What percent of crime actually involves victim contact?
  • Does the media contribute towards in-direct costs for victims?
  • What factors are taken to consideration to to establish “Actual Costs”? What percent is considered non-monetary?
  • What percent of violent offenders are currently in:
    • Federal prison
    • State prisons
    • State jails
  • What are the social reactions to violence in applying:
    • truth in sentencing law
    • three strikes law
  • What is effect of crime and violence on the elderly?
  • What age group is least likely to be victimized by violent crime?
  • What age group is more likely to be victimized by violent crime?
  • What ethnic group is most likely to be victimized?
  • What factors make the elderly more likely to suffer in-direct cost vs. other age groups?
  • What form of victimization are the elderly more likely to suffer, violent or property crime?
  • Which age group (elderly vs. younger) is more likely to attempt to protect themselves during the victimization?
  • What are three determinant factors for fear of crime?
  • What is recidivism? How has the truth in sentencing law impacted the state and federal prison system?
  • At what stage of incarceration is treatment for drug/alcohol addiction most effective? What steps would help diminish the current relapse rate?
  • What were the pros and cons of:
    • The Scared Straight Program
    • prison boot camps
    • house arrest
    • week-end sentencing
    • electronic monitoring
    • intensive probation
    • truth in sentencing law
    • three strike law



Essay: To be announced in class during the review.