Study Guide 290

HUSR 290

Study Guide for Exam I
Chapters 1-4

Chapter I- Concerns about Crime and Violence.

Key Concepts:

Which class has reported the most significant increase in the fear of crime over the past twenty years?
In what ways do the public respond to the perceived threat of crime affect the commercial sector at night.
What were the political reactions to the perceived threat of crime during presidential campaigns?
What were the purpose and impact of the various Presidential Commissions.
Who was responsible for the standardization and professionalization of law enforcement in the 1900 century?
What is the major cause of death in the United States?
What is the second cause of death between 1960 and 1990?
What did Emile Durkheim say regarding the continued existence of crime in society?
What are the tree parts of the Criminal Justice system?
Definition the Criminal Justice System.
Definition of Criminology.

Chapter II- The Nature of Crime.

Key Concepts

Does the criminal law punish acts or thoughts?
What are the benefits if the “Representative” method Democratic system?
What law was passed during the early 1900’s in reaction to the perception of espionage?
What law was the passed as result of the 18th. Amendment?
What was result of 21st. Amendment?
What was the Volstead act?
What is the significance of “Anomie” in society?
Define Mala in Se?
Define Mala prohibita?
What are victimless crimes? (who is the victim of record)
What are the duties and purpose of regulatory agencies?
Define the Classical Schools approach to crime.
What did Sigmund Freud attribute to the cause of crime in society.
Define the purpose of the Id, Superego and Ego according to Freud regarding the cause of crime.
Define the difference between the sociological and the psychological approach to crime.
Define the Labeling, Differential Association, Social Control Theory, and the Ethical Theory.
Compare and contrast the following explanations for crime;
biological determinism
sociological explanations
rational choice explanations
gender-based explanations

Chapter III- Measurement of Crime.

Key Concepts

Define the purpose and function of the Uniform Crime Report.
What are the Eight Part I- crimes of the uniform crime report.
What are the three sources of collecting date on crime.
What are the differences between the Uniform Crime report and Victimization surveys?
What are the benefits and purpose of measuring crime in society?
What are reasons attributed for the public failing to report crimes?
What is the most common violent crime reported?
What do all juveniles have in common regarding crime and the Criminal Justice System?
What is the highest report crime of any type in the United States?
What are the affects of age, sex, ethnicity, and socioeconomic in the rate of crime?
Define White Collar Crime?
Define Organized Crime?
Define Computer or information Crime.
Define Terrorism?

Chapter IV- Perpetrators and Victims of Crime

Key Concepts

What characteristics do individuals are age 16-24 share in society?
Which gender is more likely to be the victim of a violent crime?
Which gender is more likely to arrested for committing a violent crime?
Which gender is more likely to be the victim of Intimate partner violence?
Which race is reported to have the highest incidence victimization of violent crimes?
Which race has a disproportionate amount of alcohol related offenses.
Which race or ethnic group has the lowest rate of victimization of any form of crime?
What is crime profiling?
What is offender profiling?
What is victim profiling?
What is crime scene profiling?
Which gender is generally believed to be responsible for theft or crimes of violence involving sudden heat of passion?


To be announced in class during the review.